Mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disease are usually highly treatable medical illnesses. The issue is that people don’t get the treatment they need due to not understanding the signs associated with these disorders. Being aware of what to expect when these occur is very crucial and necessary for getting the proper help. Here are some of the signs and symptoms of these mood disorders so that you can look out for them and get the help you or a friend might need.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
When it comes to depression, you might find yourself or see a close one experience extended periods of sadness. For whatever reason that may be, you just can’t seem to get out of this bad mood. This can carry on and affect your everyday life through work or social encounters with friends and family. Prolonged sadness can also be linked with unexplained crying spells where all of a sudden you feel the need to cry. This can happen during various points of the day or at night. These are very common signs of depression. Other signs and symptoms include, Significant changes in sleep pattern and appetite, anger and anxiety, pessimism and indifference, loss of energy with persistent lethargy, feelings of guilt and worthlessness, inability to concentrate and indecisiveness, inability to take pleasure in former interests along with social withdrawal, unexplained aches and pains, and recurring thoughts of death and suicide. If you are experiencing five or more of these symptoms within two weeks or more, you should go and consult a doctor for a thorough evaluation.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disease is different from clinical depression as it comes in two phases, the manic and depressive states, however, the symptoms for the depressive state are very similar to that of depression. These shifts in mood can be very severe as they go from extreme highs in energy to deep despair. Some of the symptoms that you can expect in the manic state are increased physical and mental activity and energy, heightened mood along with exaggerated optimism and self-confidence, excessive irritability and aggressive behavior, decreased need for sleep without experiencing fatigue, grandiose delusions and inflated sense of self-importance, racing speech and thoughts with flights of ideas, impulsiveness with poor judgements, reckless behavior, and in more severe cases one can experiences delusions and hallucinations. Reviewing your family’s history and being open in conversation about these things can help you receive the treatment needed for yourself or for a close one who is experiencing these symptoms.